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Cambridge climate

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Cambridge is 52 deg 12 North and 0 deg 07 East. This means that it is nearly on the Greenwich meridian. England has a temperate maritime climate, because of its distance from the equator and its closeness to the Atlantic Ocean. We are lucky to have the Gulf Stream, a warm ocean current which starts from the Caribbean, and sweeps across the Atlantic and up the west coasts of Ireland and Scotland. It is interesting to compare Cambridge's climate to those of other places on the same latitude (or distance from the equator). The following data comes from They are coloured according to whether they are on the eastern or western seaboard, or mid-continent, or southern hemisphere.

LocationLat/LongTemperature (deg C)Rainfall (mm)
Coldest monthHottest monthDriest monthWettest monthYear
Cork, Ireland51N 8W5.1 (Feb)15.0 (Jul)61.9 (Jun)127.3 (Dec)1081.2
Cambridge, England52N 0E3.4 (Jan)16.6 (Jul)30.9 (Feb)59.8 (Jul)552.4
Amsterdam, Netherlands52N 4E2.5 (Feb)17.1 (Jul)39.3 (Apr)103.7 (Oct)831.6
Berlin, Germany52N 13E-0.9 (Jan)18.6 (Jul)37.6 (Feb)71.1 (Jul)588.7
Minsk, Belarus53N 27E-6.9 (Jan)17.4 (Jul)37.7 (Feb)88.3 (Jul)678.3
Orenburg, West Russia51N 55E-14.6 (Jan)21.8 (Jul)18.5 (Feb)42.9 (Jun)361.5
Irkutsk, Mid Russia52N 104E-20.4 (Jan)17.9 (Jul)8.2 (Feb)96.2 (Jul)419.8
Petropavlovsk, Kamcatski,
East Russia
53N 158E-8.6 (Jan)12.4 (Aug)45.5 (Apr)90.2 (Aug)792.8
Ocean Falls, West Canada52N 128W0.9 (Jan)15.7 (Jul)168.0 (Jul)562.1 (Dec)4390.7
Calgary, Alberta, Canada51N 114W-10.2 (Jan)16.4 (Jul)13.8 (Jan)81.6 (Jun)421.2
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada49N 97W-17.4 (Jan)20.2 (Jul)15.9 (Feb)82.0 (Jun)542.3
Newfoundland, East Canada52N 55W-10.5 (Jan)9.9 (Aug)49.7 (Jan)87.8 (Aug)865.2
Falkland Islands52S 58W2.0 (Jul)9.3 (Feb)47.1 (Aug)71.6 (Jan)642.6

The Falkland Islands are in the Southern hemisphere, so their seasons are reversed. There are no other southern locations given, since Cambridge is further from the equator than anywhere in Africa, Australia and New Zealand.

Temperature graph


This graph shows how the range of temperatures between summer and winter increase in the middle of continents. The smallest range of all is in the Falklands, which are islands. The east of continents seem to be colder than the west. There is a greater range of winter temperatures than summer ones. The Gulf Stream gives Western Europe warmer winters. Cambridge temperatures are half way between Ireland and the Netherlands, which is what you'd expect.

Rainfall totals graph


I have left out Ocean Falls from these rainfall graphs. If you look at the figures above, you will see why. If you're visiting Ocean Falls, I suggest you take an umbrella!

Rainfall is more erratic than temperature, but the centre of continents seem to be drier than the edges. Cambridge is an exception to this. Its total rainfall is closer to Germany than Ireland or Netherlands, its neighbours.
Rainfall graph

When you look at the wettest and driest months, this becomes more noticeable. Cambridge has a more even spread of rainfall throughout the year, so although there are several places with less rain in their driest month, only one has less rainfall in its wettest month.

Cambridge is on the east of England, and is extremely flat. Rain coming from the Atlantic has to pass over Ireland and Wales (which has mountains). Cambridge is one of the driest places in UK. However, it is in the middle of fertile farmland, and still has the occasional flood!

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